BOISE — Two eastern Idaho lawmakers introduced a bill Friday to set the minimum age for marriage in Idaho at 16.
Idaho currently has no minimum age for marriage. Legislation proposed last year by Rep. Melissa Wintrow, D-Boise, that also set 16 as a minimum age was killed in the House.
The House Judiciary Committee unanimously and with no debate voted Friday to introduce the bill along with a list of other bills, clearing the way for a full hearing later. Sponsored by Reps. Barbara Ehardt and Bryan Zollinger, both Idaho Falls Republicans, the bill would set 16 as the minimum age and limit marriages of 16- and 17-year-olds to people within three years of each other in age.
Currently, 16- and 17-year-olds can marry in Idaho with parental consent, and younger children need a judge to sign off as well.
Zollinger and Ehardt voted against Wintrow’s bill last year, and the main difference between theirs and Wintrow’s is that Wintrow’s would have required a judge to sign off on a 16 -or-17-year-old’s marriage, while theirs would only require parental consent, as is the current law.
Zollinger said they were always against child marriage but thought Wintrow’s bill went too far in limiting parents’ rights and getting the courts involved.
“We’ll save the state money for courts and parents will have the authority,” he said.
The House’s 2019 vote against Wintrow’s bill got some national attention, and Ehardt and Zollinger were both inundated with phone calls and emails criticizing them. This, they said, helped prompt them to work out their own version.
“Contrary to the narrative that was promoted by our Democrat colleagues, never ever did we want to marry young girls off to old men,” Ehardt said. “Our goal was to preserve parental rights.”
Ehardt said they worked with the Legislative Services Office and researched laws in other states while drafting the bill. Most states allow children under 18 to marry under some circumstances, such as with parental or court approval or if the girl is pregnant, although even with these exceptions many set absolute minimum ages ranging from 14 to 17. Idaho is one of about a dozen states that have no minimum age. Several states have made their child marriage laws stricter over the past few years.
Sen. Steve Vick, R-Dalton Gardens, is working on a similar bill that would set the age range for 16- and 17-year-olds to marry at four years but is otherwise the same. Zollinger and Ehardt have been working with him, saying the two bills would give lawmakers options. Ehardt said she might even prefer Vick’s bill, noting that high schools include people with a four-year age difference and this could allow for marriage at 16 in cases where people meet in the freshman and senior years.
From 2014 to 2018, out of 66,517 people who got married in Idaho, 567, or less than 1%, were under 18, according to statistics provided by the state Department of Health & Welfare. The majority of these marriages involved girls under 18 and older men. There have been three same-sex marriages since it became legal in Idaho in 2015 involving one partner who was under 18.
The majority of underaged marriages in 2017 and 2018, years for which DHW provided more detailed breakdowns, were between partners within a few years of each other, although there were a few with bigger age gaps, such as a 27-year-old man who married a 17-year-old girl in 2017 and a 30-year-old man who married a 16-year-old girl in 2018.